Top 30 Python Libraries To Know in 2024

Top 30 Python Libraries To Know in 2024

Contributed by: Shveta Rajpal

Top 30 Python Libraries To Know in 2024Top 30 Python Libraries To Know in 2024

Python Libraries are useful functions that eliminate the need to write codes from scratch. Over 137,000 python libraries are present today, and they play a vital role in developing machine learning, data science, data visualization, image and data manipulation applications, and more. Let us briefly introduce Python Programming Language and directly dive into the most popular Python libraries.

What is a Library?

A library is a collection of pre-combined codes that can be used iteratively to reduce the time required to code. They are particularly useful for accessing the pre-written, frequently used codes instead of writing them from scratch every single time. Similar to physical libraries, these are a collection of reusable resources, which means every library has a root source. This is the foundation behind the numerous open-source libraries available in Python. 

What is a Python Library?

A Python library is a collection of modules and packages that offer a wide range of functionalities. These libraries enable developers to perform various tasks without writing code from scratch.

They contain pre-written code, classes, functions, and routines that can be used to develop applications, automate tasks, manipulate data, perform mathematical computations, and more.

Python’s extensive ecosystem of libraries covers diverse areas such as web development (e.g., Django, Flask), data analysis (e.g., pandas, NumPy), machine learning (e.g., TensorFlow , scikit-learn), image processing (e.g., Pillow, OpenCV), scientific computing (e.g., SciPy), and many others.

This wealth of libraries significantly contributes to Python’s popularity among developers, researchers, and data scientists, as it simplifies the development process and efficiently implements complex functionality.

Uses of Python Library

  1. Import Libraries:
    • Begin by importing libraries using the import statement.
    • You can import entire libraries or specific modules within a library.
  2. Utilize Functions and Classes:
    • Access functions, classes, and other objects provided by the library.
    • Use imported functions and classes in your program as needed.
  3. Read Documentation:
    • Familiarize yourself with the documentation of the libraries you use.
    • Documentation provides details about available functionalities, parameters, return values, and usage examples.
  4. Manage Dependencies:
    • Use tools like pip to install required libraries and their dependencies.
    • Consider using virtual environments to isolate dependencies for different projects and prevent version conflicts.
  5. Optimize Performance:
    • Libraries often contain optimized code for common tasks, leading to better performance.
    • Leveraging libraries can result in more efficient and faster code execution.
  6. Customize Functionality:
    • Libraries may offer options for customization or extension.
    • Customize functionality by subclassing existing classes, overriding methods, or using configuration options provided by the library.

Quick checkPython Foundations

Top 30 Python Libraries List

Rank Library Primary Use Case
1 NumPy Scientific Computing
2 Pandas Data Analysis
3 Matplotlib Data Visualization
4 SciPy Scientific Computing
5 Scikit-learn Machine Learning
6 TensorFlow Machine Learning/AI
7 Keras Machine Learning/AI
8 PyTorch Machine Learning/AI
9 Flask Web Development
10 Django Web Development
11 Requests HTTP for Humans
12 BeautifulSoup Web Scraping
13 Selenium Web Testing/Automation
14 PyGame Game Development
15 SymPy Symbolic Mathematics
16 Pillow Image Processing
17 SQLAlchemy Database Access
18 Plotly Interactive Visualization
19 Dash Web Applications
20 Jupyter Interactive Computing
21 FastAPI Web APIs
22 PySpark Big Data Processing
23 NLTK Natural Language Processing
24 spaCy Natural Language Processing
25 Tornado Web Development
26 Streamlit Data Apps
27 Bokeh Data Visualization
28 PyTest Testing Framework
29 Celery Task Queuing
30 Gunicorn WSGI HTTP Server

This table includes libraries essential for data scientists, web developers, and software engineers working with Python. Each library has its own strengths and is chosen for specific tasks, from web development frameworks like Django and Flask to machine learning libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch to data analysis and visualization tools like Pandas and Matplotlib.

1. Scikit- learn

It is a free software machine learning library for the Python programming language. It can be effectively used for a variety of applications which include classification, regression, clustering, model selection, naive Bayes’, grade boosting, K-means, and preprocessing.
Scikit-learn requires:

  • Python (>= 2.7 or >= 3.3),
  • NumPy (>= 1.8.2),
  • SciPy (>= 0.13.3).

Spotify uses Scikit-learn for its music recommendations and Evernote for building its classifiers. If you already have a working installation of NumPy and scipy, the easiest way to install scikit-learn is by using pip.

2. NuPIC

The Numenta Platform for Intelligent Computing (NuPIC) is a platform that aims to implement an HTM learning algorithm and make them a public source as well. It is the foundation for future machine learning algorithms based on the biology of the neocortex. Click here to check their code on GitHub.

3. Ramp

It is a Python library that is used for the rapid prototyping of machine-learning models. Ramp provides a simple, declarative syntax for exploring features, algorithms, and transformations. It is a lightweight pandas-based machine-learning framework and can be used seamlessly with existing Python machine-learning and statistics tools.

4. NumPy

When it comes to scientific computing, NumPy is one of the fundamental packages for Python, providing support for large multidimensional arrays and matrices along with a collection of high-level mathematical functions to execute these functions swiftly. NumPy relies on BLAS and LAPACK for efficient linear algebra computations. NumPy can also be used as an efficient multi-dimensional container of generic data.

The various NumPy installation packages can be found here.

5. Pipenv

The officially recommended tool for Python in 2017 – Pipenv is a production-ready tool that aims to bring the best of all packaging worlds to the Python world. The cardinal purpose is to provide users with a working environment that is easy to set up. Pipenv, the “Python Development Workflow for Humans,” was created by Kenneth Reitz for managing package discrepancies. The instructions to install Pipenv can be found here.

6. TensorFlow

TensorFlow’s most popular deep learning framework is an open-source software library for high-performance numerical computation. It is an iconic math library and is also used for Python in machine learning and deep learning algorithms. Tensorflow was developed by the researchers at the Google Brain team within the Google AI organization. Today, it is being used by researchers for machine learning algorithms and by physicists for complex mathematical computations. The following operating systems support TensorFlow: macOS 10.12.6 (Sierra) or later; Ubuntu 16.04 or later; Windows 7 or above; Raspbian 9.0 or later.

Do check out our Free Course on Tensorflow and Keras and TensorFlow python. This course will introduce you to these two frameworks and will also walk you through a demo of how to use these frameworks.

7. Bob

Developed at Idiap Research Institute in Switzerland, Bob is a free signal processing and machine learning toolbox. The toolbox is written in a mix of Python and C++. From image recognition to image and video processing using machine learning algorithms, a large number of packages are available in Bob to make all of this happen with great efficiency in a short time.

8. PyTorch

Introduced by Facebook in 2017, PyTorch is a Python package that gives the user a blend of 2 high-level features – Tensor computation (like NumPy) with strong GPU acceleration and the development of Deep Neural Networks on a tape-based auto diff system. PyTorch provides a great platform to execute Deep Learning models with increased flexibility and speed built to be integrated deeply with Python.

Looking to get started with PyTorch? Check out these PyTorch courses to help you get started quickly and easily.

9. PyBrain

PyBrain contains algorithms for neural networks that can be used by entry-level students yet can be used for state-of-the-art research. The goal is to offer simple, flexible yet sophisticated, and powerful algorithms for machine learning with many pre-determined environments to test and compare your algorithms. Researchers, students, developers, lecturers, you, and I can use PyBrain.

10. MILK

This machine learning toolkit in Python focuses on supervised classification with a gamut of classifiers available: SVM, k-NN, random forests, and decision trees. A range of combinations of these classifiers gives different classification systems. For unsupervised learning, one can use k-means clustering and affinity propagation. There is a strong emphasis on speed and low memory usage. Therefore, most of the performance-sensitive code is in C++. Read more about it here.

11. Keras

It is an open-source neural network library written in Python designed to enable fast experimentation with deep neural networks. With deep learning becoming ubiquitous, Keras becomes the ideal choice as it is API designed for humans and not machines, according to the creators. With over 200,000+users as of November 2023, Keras has stronger adoption in both the industry and the research community, even over TensorFlow or Theano. Before installing Keras, it is advised to install the TensorFlow backend engine.

12. Dash

From exploring data to monitoring your experiments, Dash is like the front end to the analytical Python backend. This productive Python framework is ideal for data visualization apps particularly suited for every Python user. The ease we experience is a result of extensive and exhaustive effort.

13. Pandas

It is an open-source, BSD-licensed library. Pandas enable the provision of easy data structure and quicker data analysis for Python. For operations like data analysis and modeling, Pandas makes it possible to carry these out without needing to switch to more domain-specific language like R. The best way to install Pandas is by Conda installation.

14. Scipy

This is yet another open-source software used for scientific computing in Python. Apart from that, Scipy is also used for Data Computation, productivity, high-performance computing, and quality assurance. The various installation packages can be found here. The core Scipy packages are Numpy, SciPy library, Matplotlib, IPython, Sympy, and Pandas.

15. Matplotlib

All the libraries that we have discussed are capable of a gamut of numeric operations, but when it comes to dimensional plotting, Matplotlib steals the show. This open-source library in Python is widely used for publishing quality figures in various hard copy formats and interactive environments across platforms. You can design charts, graphs, pie charts, scatterplots, histograms, error charts, etc., with just a few lines of code.

The various installation packages can be found here.

16. Theano

This open-source python library enables you to efficiently define, optimize, and evaluate mathematical expressions involving multi-dimensional arrays. For a humongous volume of data, handcrafted C codes become slower.

Theano enables swift implementations of code. Theano can recognize unstable expressions and yet compute them with stable algorithms, giving it an upper hand over NumPy. The closest Python package to Theano is Sympy. So let us talk about it.

17. SymPy

For all the symbolic mathematics, SymPy is the answer. This Python library for symbolic mathematics is an effective aid for computer algebra systems (CAS) while keeping the code as simple as possible to be comprehensible and easily extensible. SimPy is written in Python only and can be embedded in other applications and extended with custom functions. You can find the source code on GitHub. 

18. Caffe2

The new boy in town – Caffe2, is a Lightweight, Modular, and Scalable Deep Learning Framework. It aims to provide an easy and straightforward way for you to experiment with deep learning. Thanks to Python and C++ APIs in Caffe2, we can create our prototype now and optimize it later. You can get started with Caffe2 now with this step-by-step installation guide.

19. Seaborn

When it comes to the visualization of statistical models like heat maps, Seaborn is among the reliable sources. This Python library is derived from Matplotlib and is closely integrated with Pandas data structures. Visit the installation page to see how this package can be installed.

20. Hebel

This Python library is a tool for deep learning with neural networks using GPU acceleration with CUDA through pyCUDA. Right now, Hebel implements feed-forward neural networks for classification and regression on one or multiple tasks. Other models such as Autoencoder, Convolutional neural nets, and Restricted Boltzman machines are planned for the future. Follow the link to explore Hebel.

21. Chainer

A competitor to Hebel, this Python package aims at increasing the flexibility of deep learning models. The three key focus areas of Chainer include :
a. Transportation system: The makers of Chainer have consistently shown an inclination toward automatic driving cars, and they have been in talks with Toyota Motors about the same.

b. Manufacturing industry: Chainer has been used effectively for robotics and several machine learning tools, from object recognition to optimization.

c. Bio-health care: To deal with the severity of cancer, the makers of Chainer have invested in research of various medical images for the early diagnosis of cancer cells.
The installation, projects and other details can be found here.
So here is a list of the common Python Libraries which are worth taking a peek at and, if possible, familiarizing yourself with. If you feel there is some library that deserves to be on the list, do not forget to mention it in the comments.

22. OpenCV Python

Open Source Computer Vision or OpenCV is used for image processing. It is a Python package that monitors overall functions focused on instant computer vision. OpenCV provides several inbuilt functions; with the help of this, you can learn Computer Vision. It allows both to read and write images at the same time. Objects such as faces, trees, etc., can be diagnosed in any video or image. It is compatible with Windows, OS-X, and other operating systems. You can get it here

To learn OpenCV from basics, check out the OpenCV Tutorial

23. Theano

Along with being a Python Library, Theano is also an optimizing compiler. It is used for analyzing, describing, and optimizing different mathematical declarations at the same time. It makes use of multi-dimensional arrays, ensuring that we don’t have to worry about the perfection of our projects. Theano works well with GPUs and has an interface quite similar to Numpy. The library makes computation 140x faster and can be used to detect and analyze any harmful bugs. You can get it here

24. NLTK

The Natural Language Toolkit, NLTK, is one of the popular Python NLP Libraries. It contains a set of processing libraries that provide processing solutions for numerical and symbolic language processing in English only. The toolkit comes with a dynamic discussion forum that allows you to discuss and bring up any issues relating to NLTK.

25. SQLAlchemy

SQLAcademy is a Database abstraction library for Python that comes with astounding support for a range of databases and layouts. It provides consistent patterns, is easy to understand, and can be used by beginners too. It improves the speed of communication between Python language and databases and supports most platforms such as Python 2.5, Jython, and Pypy. Using SQLAcademy, you can develop database schemes from scratch.

26. Bokeh

A Data visualization library for Python, Bokeh allows interactive visualization. It makes use of HTML and Javascript to provide graphics, making it reliable for contributing web-based applications. It is highly flexible and allows you to convert visualization written in other libraries such as ggplot or matplot lib. Bokeh makes use of straightforward commands to create composite statistical scenarios.

27. Requests

Requests enables you to send HTTP/1.1 requests and include headers, form data, multipart files, and parameters using basic Python dictionaries.
Similarly, it also enables you to retrieve the answer data.

28. Pyglet

Pyglet is designed for creating visually appealing games and other applications. Windowing, processing user interface events, joysticks, OpenGL graphics, loading pictures and movies, and playing sounds and music are all supported. Linux, OS X, and Windows all support Pyglet.

29. LightGBM

One of the best and most well-known machine learning libraries, gradient boosting, aids programmers in creating new algorithms by using decision trees and other reformulated basic models. As a result, specialized libraries can be used to implement this method quickly and effectively.

30. Eli5

The Python-built Eli5 machine learning library aids in addressing the problem of machine learning model predictions that are frequently inaccurate. It combines visualization, debugging all machine learning models, and tracking all algorithmic working processes.

Important Python Libraries for Data Science

Here’s a list of interesting and important Python Libraries that will be helpful for all Data Scientists out there. So, let’s start with the 20 most important libraries used in Python-

Scrapy- It is a collaborative framework for extracting the data that is required from websites. It is quite a simple and fast tool.

BeautifulSoup- This is another popular library that is used in Python for extracting or collecting information from websites, i.e., it is used for web scraping.

statsmodels- As the name suggests, Statsmodels is a Python library that provides many opportunities, such as statistical model analysis and estimation, performing statistical tests, etc. It has a function for statistical analysis to achieve high-performance outcomes while processing large statistical data sets.

XGBoost- This library is implemented in machine learning algorithms under the Gradient Boosting framework. It provides a high-performance implementation of gradient-boosted decision trees. XGBoost is portable, flexible, and efficient. It provides highly optimized, scalable, and fast implementations of gradient boosting.

Plotly-This library is used for plotting graphs easily. This works very well in interactive web applications. With this, we can make different types of basic charts like line, pie, scatter, heat maps, polar plots, and so on. We can easily plot a graph of any visualization we can think of using Plotly.

Pydot- Pydot is used for generating complex-oriented and non-oriented graphs. It is specially used while developing algorithms based on neural networks and decision trees.

Gensim- It is a Python library for topic modeling and document indexing, which means it is able to extract the underlying topics from a large volume of text. It can handle large text files without loading the entire file in memory.

PyOD- As the name suggests, it is a Python toolkit for detecting outliers in multivariate data. It provides access to a wide range of outlier detection algorithms. Outlier detection, also known as anomaly detection, refers to the identification of rare items, events, or observations that differ from a population’s general distribution.

This brings us to the end of the blog on the top Python Libraries. We hope that you benefit from the same. If you have any further queries, feel free to leave them in the comments below, and we’ll get back to you at the earliest.

The path below will guide you to become a proficient data scientist.

Python Libraries FAQs

What are Python libraries?

Python libraries are a collection of related modules that contain bundles of codes that can be used in different programs. Making use of Python libraries makes it convenient for the programmer as they wouldn’t have to write the same code multiple times for different programs. Some common libraries are OpenCV, Apache Spark, TensorFlow, NumPy, etc.

How many libraries are in Python?

There are over 137,000 Python libraries available today. These libraries can be helpful in creating applications in machine learning, data science, data manipulation, data visualization, etc. 

Which library is most used in Python?

Numpy is the most used and popular library in Python.

Where are the libraries in Python?

Python and all Python packages are stored in /usr/local/bin/ if it is a Unix-based system and \Program Files\ if it is Windows.

Is NumPy a module or library?

NumPy is a library.

Is pandas a library or package?

Pandas is a library that is used to analyze data.

What is the Sklearn library in Python?

The most practical Python library for machine learning is definitely scikit-learn. Numerous effective machine learning and statistical modeling methods, such as classification, regression, clustering, and dimensionality reduction, are available in the sklearn library.

What are NumPy and pandas?

A Python package called NumPy offers support for huge, multi-dimensional arrays and matrices as well as a sizable number of sophisticated mathematical operations that may be performed on these arrays. A sophisticated data manipulation tool based on the NumPy library is called Pandas.

Can I learn Python in 3 days?

Although you cannot become an expert, you can learn the basics of Python in 3 days, such as syntax, loops, and variables. Once you know the basics, you can learn about the libraries and use them at your own convenience. However, this depends on how many hours you dedicate to learning the programming language and your own individual learning skills. This may vary from one person to another. 

Can I learn Python in 3 weeks?

How fast you learn Python depends on various factors, such as the number of hours dedicated. Yes, you can learn the basics of Python in 3 weeks’ time and can work towards becoming an expert at the language. 

Is Python enough to get a job?

Yes, Python is one of the most widely-used programming languages in the world. Individuals with Python skills are in high demand and will definitely help in landing a high-paying job.

How much does a Python developer earn?

Python developers are in high demand, and a professional in the mid-level would earn an average of ₹909,818, and someone who is an experienced professional may earn close to ₹1,150,000.

Further reading

  1. What is TensorFlow? The Machine Learning Library Explained
  2. Scikit Learn in Machine Learning, Definition and Example
  3. Machine Learning Tutorial For Complete Beginners | Learn Machine Learning with Python
  4. Data Science Tutorial For Beginners | Learn Data Science Complete Tutorial
  5. Python Tutorial For Beginners – A Complete Guide | Learn Python Easily

Top 30 Python Libraries To Know in 2024

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